Conference Program

The conference program is evolving. Please visit this page often for updates and more detailed information.

Monday, October 2, 2017

    3:00 pm - 8:00 pm     Registration

Sponsored by:


6:00 pm - 9:00 pm
Opening Reception with Exhibitors

Sponsored by:   Crowe Mackay LLP
           
   
Entertainment:
 

Tuesday, October 3, 2017

    7:00 am - 7:30 am
Sunrise Ceremony

 
7:30 am - 4:00 pm
Registration

 
7:30 am - 8:30 am
Networking Continental Breakfast / Visit the Exhibitors and the Xerox Technology Café

 
8:30 am - 9:00 am
Prayer / Welcome / Greetings / Opening Plenary          

 
 
 

Welcome:

  • Chris Sicotte, Chair of the Board, AFOA Canada
  • Terry Goodtrack, MPA, B Admin, CPA, CGA, CAFM, CAPA, C. Dir, President and CEO, AFOA Canada
 
 

 Welcome by Conference Co-Chairs:

  • Miriam Jorgensen, M.P.P., Ph.D., Research Scientist, Udall Center, Research Director, Native Nations Institute, Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, The University of Arizona 
  • Harold Tarbell, Facilitator, Tarbell Facilitation Network
 
  Welcome by Lead Sponsor: First Nations Financial Management Board


9:00 am - 10:30 am
Opening Plenary - Community Governance:  Peeling the Governance Onion
A community’s policies, practices and decision making should be aligned with a community’s governance practices. How does community governance differ from corporate governance or other types of institutions? How does traditional governance play a part in the manner in which a community governs itself? Do the different models of decision making affect the legitimacy of a community’s governing body? How have other countries dealt with governance structures to better achieve their economic and social goals?
 

 
10:30 am - 11:00 am Refreshment Break / Visit the Exhibitors and the Xerox Technology Café

 
11:00 am - 12:15 pm Concurrent Workshops and Information Sessions
Workshop A
Financial Management - Public Sector Accounting Board Strategic Overview and Project Update
The indigenous community is a very important stakeholder of the Public Sector Accounting Board (PSAB).  The presentation will provide an update on the key PSAB strategies, projects under development and standards that will take effect in the upcoming years. The intent of the presentation will be to provide insights into upcoming public sector accounting standards and develop relationships and further understanding between PSAB and the indigenous financial community.

Workshop B
Leadership - Indigenous Demographic Dividends and International Trends
Dr. Simona Bignami will present on a window of opportunity for rapid economic growth called the demographic dividend. Although fertility rates among Indigenous Peoples in Canada are still higher than those of non-Indigenous Peoples, they have been steadily declining over time. This session will explore how to take advantage of the benefits associated with declining fertility rates among First Nations peoples. They will compare the changing demographics of First Nations with those of the Maori in New Zealand, of Indigenous Australians and of Native Americans in the US. The demographic dividend consists of three mechanisms: increase labour supply, increase savings and human capital/healthier women. 

Dr. Harry Patrinos will provide a cross-country assessment of poverty and socio-economic outcomes for Indigenous Peoples worldwide.  He will explore the evidence from across the developing world which supports the hypothesis that poverty and deprivation is more severe among Indigenous Peoples; but more importantly, whether poverty and other trends over time indicate a similar disconnect between Indigenous Peoples and the overall economy in the countries where they live.  He will focus on one of the principal theories that try to explain why higher rates of poverty may result among Indigenous Peoples: Human Capital. The presentation covers poverty levels and trends for Indigenous Peoples’ vis-à-vis national averages and analyzes differences in human capital assets.

Workshop C
Business Development and Trade - Negotiating Multimillion Dollar Business Deals
Based on frontline experience working for Canadian First Nations who have negotiated complex deals with Industry. Andrew Leach will outline the key steps to negotiating successful business deals. He will cite case examples and provide insights into the opportunities and potential pitfalls in and around the negotiating table.
  
Workshop D
Community Administration - Sustainable Environmental Planning
The Collaborative Environmental Planning Initiative (CEPI) was the result of four levels of government signing the Bras d’Or Charter which envisions a healthy and productive Bras d’Or Lakes watershed ecosystem.  Learn how CEPI has led a very unique collaboration of government officials, community leaders, researchers and volunteers in fostering the health of the Lakes. Six economic sectors are part of the plan which included agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture, forestry, mining, energy and tourism. A key question is “how can sustainable development within the Bras d’Or Lakes encourage people to stay or return?”  Other areas to be discussed include sustainable development, practices and economy. The initiative examines the potential of the Bras d’Or Lakes watershed to contribute to sustainable economies through the remainder of the 21st century.

Workshop E
Healthy Workplace/Human Resources - Innovative Land-based Teaching and Mentoring for Indigenous Youth
The Australian Indigenous Education Company specialises in teaching Indigenous youth predominantly through outdoor camps. Indigicate Pty Ltd uses Indigenous knowledge systems to teach young people about culture and history through school incursions and journey-based camp experiences. Powerful teaching methods include the Indigenous process of whole body listening and sound mapping which encourages participants to listen, feel, smell and sense the environment. The presentation will highlight several case studies and success stories including the Winda-Mara Co-op, the Department of Sport and Recreation, and the Department of Health and Human Services and Deakin University. 

In Canada the National Mentorship Program for Indigenous Youth that is helping to foster a new generation of university-educated Aboriginal business professionals. In the program, youth in grades 10-12 receive mentoring from Indigenous business professionals and learn about business through unique programming and activities. Participation in the In.Business program prepares students to be more engaged citizens in their communities and the economy. It increases their understanding of organizational structures, business environments, partnerships and economic development. The result of the program is more efficient organizational structures, more creative approaches to business challenges, stronger and more varied funding proposals, and the development of more sustainable community economic development models. Students who participate in the In.Business students are better prepared to start their post-secondary education and are more aware of the job prospects that await them upon completion of their studies. Moreover, In.Business assists students in overcoming many of the social barriers to that may prevent them from pursuing post-secondary education.

Information Session 1
Product - Sponsorship opportunity still available!
An opportunity for those companies who want more than just exposure.  This is your chance to deliver a presentation on two days of the Conference; a presentation that focusses on your organization’s services or products!
Contact the AFOA Canada Conference Secretariat at 1-866-775-1816 or AFOA Canada today at 1-866-722-2362!

Information Session 2
Product Sponsorship opportunity still available!
An opportunity for those companies who want more than just exposure.  This is your chance to deliver a presentation on two days of the Conference; a presentation that focusses on your organization’s services or products!
Contact the AFOA Canada Conference Secretariat at 1-866-775-1816 or AFOA Canada today at 1-866-722-2362!

Information Session 3
Education - AFOA Canada Elected Leaders Program
information pending...
   
Information Session 4 Technology Efficiency in Word and Excel
information pending...
   

 
12:30 pm - 2:30 pm 
Luncheon and Presentation of the 12th PotashCorp Aboriginal Youth Financial Management Awards
A Focus on our Aboriginal Youth
There is a great demand in our communities for financial professionals. However, very few of our young people are pursuing an education in financial management after high school, and many communities have considerable difficulty attracting and keeping financial management staff.  AFOA Canada launched the Aboriginal Youth Financial Management Conference Awards to address this issue. 

Sponsored by: PotashCorp

       
2:45 pm - 4:15 pm
Concurrent Workshops and Information Session:
 
 
 
Workshop F
Financial Management- Indigenous Wealth Management and Per Capital Distribution
Changes of historic proportions are resulting in Aboriginal communities to create Trusts. The opportunities are resulting from Specific Claims Settlements, Economic Development, Impact Benefit Agreements and other resource sharing. These Trusts have the potential to transform a community into an economically self-sustaining and self-governing entity. This session will provide real life situations when wealth management was placed in the wrong hands and the benefits of good governance practice when it applies to wealth creation.

Per Capita Distributions (PCDs) have become common on both sides of the border, whether funded as a one-time payment from a significant settlement or as annual distributions from ongoing Own Source Revenue. This panel will look at some of the research conducted in the U.S. and suggest ways to approach the decision from a strategic perspective. Many innovative practices being developed regarding the structuring of PCDs will be reviewed in this session.
Workshop G
Leadership - Māori Sustainable Economic Development
The NKMoA delegation will talk to post-treaty settlement work undertaken with various tribal organisations, Māori owned business and the community at large to realise their moemoea (dreams), whakakitenga (vision), rautaki (strategies) that not only provide for a sustainable economic base but provide the means to achieving tino rangatiratanga/self-determination. These presentations will focus on primary sectors of mana-moana (sea), mana whenua (land), and mana tangata (people) where we will highlight some of our challenges and solutions that we have encountered on our journey toward sustainable economic development. We will also focus on how the impact technology is having on how we do our economic development as a people.

Workshop H
Business Development and Trade - The Financial Sector Needs Indigenous Peoples
This presentation is intended to be a powerful reframe in thinking. When asking for help to resolve intergenerational poverty in First Nations we ask government to fund or fix it. Is the “reset” button on the computer worn out? Should we be looking for a new key? The financial sector needs to find new markets, drive profit and preserve capital. If financial institutions create products and services for Indigenous Peoples to help them to be financially healthy; they too become wealthier and healthier because they have more valuable clients and new markets. First Nations Foundation will discuss how the financial sector will benefit from the economic opportunities in First Nations communities. 

NACCA will discuss the growing need for capital to invest in the rapidly growing Indigenous business sector. National Aboriginal Capital Corporations Association (NACCA), is a membership-driven national association for a network of Aboriginal Financial Institutions, or AFIs. NACCA supports the AFI network, which offers financing to First Nations, Métis, and Inuit businesses and communities. NACCA is committed to the needs of AFIs and the Aboriginal businesses that they serve.
 
Workshop I
Community Administration - Environmentally Sustainable Development in National Parks
In March 1987, the Wreck Bay Aboriginal Community Council (WBACC) was established to hold title and exercise powers as owners of Aboriginal Land. By controlling and managing their own land and waters, the Community aims to become self-sufficient and able to freely determine its future and lifestyle. The Council’s goals are for sole ownership of all lands and waters within Jervis Bay Territory to be environmentally sustainable development and to earn income, create jobs and achieve financial security. They also want to achieve social and cultural development, linked with appropriate cultural training and education. They jointly manage Booderee National Park with the Director of National Parks Australia. The presentation will describe the network of legislative requirements, international agreements and the Lease (between WBACC and the Director). The presentation also describes the philosophy and direction of management for BNP for the next 10 years.

Workshop J
Financial Management - Financial Education and Capability
Aboriginal communities in Canada, US, Australia and New Zealand share many of the same opportunities to secure long-term economic, cultural and spiritual futures in a number of industries. One of the keys to this success is through the financial literacy of Aboriginal communities. The panel will discuss a number of common issues and challenges in financial administration and management that apply not only across Canada but on a global level. The presentation will focus on the successes and lessons learned from various communities.

BDO Canada has collaboratively worked with Aboriginal communities and organizations across Canada to achieve their goals that aligns with community values. We will share the experiences of a number of common issues and challenges in financial administration and management that apply not only across Canada but on a global level.

In 2015, AFOA Canada published its National Aboriginal Financial Literacy Needs Assessment and Framework. A summary will be provided to assist the delegates to understand the financial literacy needs of Aboriginal People in Canada and the 5 pillars of financial literacy will be presented. Financial decisions that people face through their life journey will be highlighted and recommendations for using the Framework within Aboriginal communities will be discussed.

Factors for the development of financial literacy skills within communities will be discussed. Best practices from two First Nations will be presented to demonstrate how communities have developed financial literacy among employees and among community members.

The Chippewas of Rama First Nation developed the Rama Community Financial Assistance Program, a department within the Finance division, provides loans, advice, workshops and education to community members on financial literacy. Examples of community financial literacy training will be presented.
 
Workshop K Community Administration - Understanding Behavioral Biases in Decision Making  
Human nature causes everyone to bring their own set of unique emotional and intellectual biases to the decisions they make daily. In the context of managing the investment portfolios, these biases can have a huge impact on the results that First Nations leaders are able to generate for their communities. This presentation will teach attendees to identify the emotional and intellectual biases that can affect their ability to make rational and informed, long term decisions using humorous, insightful and interactive examples. It will build on this understanding by providing strategies to help attendees develop decision making processes that will enable them to anticipate the negative consequences behavioural biases and mitigate their ultimate impact.

Information Session 5
Education - Increasing the Number of Indigenous Accountants
Indigenous Accountants Australia (IAA) is a joint initiative of the two major professional accounting bodies in Australia – CPA Australia and Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand. It aspires to support Indigenous students already committed or looking to study accounting and business, and to promote accounting as a professional career path for Indigenous Australians. The aim is to work in partnership with priority universities across Australia as well as identified business and community groups within the same locations to increase the number of Indigenous Australians graduating and being employed in the business/accounting related field. Hear how this initiative has resulted in a major increase in the number of Indigenous accountants across the country.

Since this initiative began in 2012, the number of Indigenous accountants with a professional designation has increased from 11 to 34. Student engagement is at an all-time high and retention rates are increasing. At present we have connected with 85% of universities across the country.

Benefits:
Accounting can play an important role in the financial self-sufficiency and economic development that empowers Indigenous people and communities across Australia
There is continuing research that highlights the significant barriers (identified in the box to the right) and virtual exclusion of Indigenous Australians from the accounting profession to date  
As Australia’s leading professional accounting bodies, we know the benefits that a career in accounting can bring

Hear from the speaker how they are learning as they progress beyond the initial phase of this initiative and adapting and refining their approach to ensure growth and success in the industry.

Information Session 6 Education - Becoming a Certified Aboriginal Financial Manager (CAFM) and How to Become Chartered Professional Accountant (CPA) 
The Certified Aboriginal Financial Manager (CAFM) designation has become one of the most preferred credentials for Aboriginal employers seeking financial professionals. This session will provide information on how you can become a CAFM - it might be easier than you think!  Also learn about the changes to the CAFM Education Program through the new CAFM ACAF Alignment with CPA Canada. You can now obtain an Advanced Certificate in Accounting & Finance (ACAF) Certificate with our partnership with CPA Canada.
   
 6:30 pm - 9:00 pm OPTIONAL ACTIVITY - Reception and Panel Discussion (additional cost to attend)
The Next 150 - The Mighty Flowering Tree - Charting the Future by Learning from the Past
It is well known that Indigenous people have been in Canada for thousands of years.  In 2017, Canada celebrates its 150 years since Confederation. During this time, there has been a significant impact on Indigenous people in Canada that all Canadians can reflect upon.   

As we move forward to the next 150 years and beyond, what are the opportunities and challenges that need to be addressed for Indigenous people and communities to thrive economically and socially within Canada.

As former National Chiefs of the Assembly of First Nations, the panelists will discuss the next 150 years and beyond.  Specifically, the panelists will speak of key areas such as reconciliation, diversity and inclusion, decolonization, and the environment.    What does reconciliation mean and how can it be achieved?  How could our future actions shape a more inclusive society for Indigenous people within Canada?   How can the herb of understanding allow the mighty flowering tree to blossom over an inclusive Canada for indigenous and non-indigenous Canadians?

PANELISTS
Former National Chief Shawn Atleo (Invited)
Former National Chief Matthew Coon Come (Invited)
Former National Chief Georges Erasmus
Former National Chief Phil Fontaine
Former National Chief Ovide Mercredi

MODERATOR
The Right Honourable Paul Martin P.C., C.C.

Sponsored by:  RBC Royal Bank
   

 

Wednesday, October 4, 2017

    7:00 am - 7:30 am
Sunrise Ceremony

 
7:30 am - 4:00 pm
Registration

Sponsored by: 

 
7:30 am - 8:30 am
Networking Continental Breakfast / Visit the Exhibitors and the Xerox Technology Café      

Sponsored by: 


 
8:30 am - 9:00 am
Welcome  

 

9:00 am - 10:30 am
Plenary - Economic Prosperity: Hitching the Economic Horse to the Social Wagon
A suggested end goal for many communities is economic prosperity. However, there may be other considerations of a community being prosperous which may include social and cultural elements. In the push towards economically sustainable communities, what have other communities around the world learned in terms of what went well and what were the challenges? How can an international network of Indigenous professionals work toward Indigenous trade?

Sponsored by: Peace Hills Trust


 

 
10:30 am - 11:00 am Refreshment Break / Visit the Exhibitors and the Xerox Technology Café

 
11:00 am - 12:15 pm Concurrent Workshops and Information Sessions
Workshop L
Financial Management - Eliminating U.S. Withholding Taxes for Aboriginal Governments
Many, if not most, Aboriginal governments and their Trusts are paying taxes to the U.S. government when they do not need to. The ability to eliminate U.S. withholding taxes results from the classification of a First Nation government as a foreign government and therefore exempt. 

The panel will review a Case Study on the financial impact of U.S. taxes withheld. For a trust with $50 million in capital the U.S. taxes withheld could mean hundreds of thousands of dollars over a decade, money that could make a significant difference to the long term wealth of the nation and the ability to positively impact the lives of members. Innovative solutions include the elimination of U.S. Withholding Taxes and Portfolio Structure. The presentation will address the legal aspects as well as the investment implementation aspects. The portfolio structure and framework implemented by the First Nation of their Trust will significantly impact the ease and feasibility of eliminating U.S. Withholding taxes.

The presentation will provide a step by step guide, including specific examples of communities who have successfully increased their annual income through the elimination of these taxes.
 
Many, if not most, Aboriginal governments and their Trusts are paying taxes to the U.S. government when they do not need to. The ability to eliminate U.S. withholding taxes results from the classification of a First Nation government as a foreign government and therefore exempt. 

The panel will review a Case Study on the financial impact of U.S. taxes withheld. For a trust with $50 million in capital the U.S. taxes withheld could mean hundreds of thousands of dollars over a decade, money that could make a significant difference to the long term wealth of the nation and the ability to positively impact the lives of members. Innovative solutions include the elimination of U.S. Withholding Taxes and Portfolio Structure. The presentation will address the legal aspects as well as the investment implementation aspects. The portfolio structure and framework implemented by the First Nation of their Trust will significantly impact the ease and feasibility of eliminating U.S. Withholding taxes.

The presentation will provide a step by step guide, including specific examples of communities who have successfully increased their annual income through the elimination of these taxes.

Workshop M
Leadership - Trusts that Achieve Long-Term Sustainable Growth
There is a significant amount of new wealth being created by Indigenous Nations across Canada. This can place tremendous pressure on leaders to use their own-source revenue to address immediate needs – but consideration must also be given to future generations. Many countries around the world are investing revenues from non-renewable natural resource development to meet future needs. This session explores opportunities for Indigenous Nations to create their own ‘sovereign wealth’ strategies using community trusts. Understanding both the financial affordability of a trust and the impact that inflation can have on the trust's long term purchasing power is critical to achieving sustainable long term growth. Session discussions will also include historical market behavior and the strategies that can be considered when establishing effective disbursement policies.

The Athabasca Community Trust (Saskatchewan) will be profiled which is unique as it has effectively brought together three First Nation communities in addition to four local municipalities under a single trust structure. The trust is designed to benefit and manage the long term and short term economic and social needs of these communities.

Workshop N
Business Development and Trade - Indigenous Business Development and International Markets
UNSW Business School supports Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people who are embracing and navigating the currencies of business knowledge and practice to strengthen and improve the lives of their families and communities.
This session will share insights about the latest approaches, development and outcomes. These lessons are drawn from business forums, Indigenous business pathway articulation programs, alumni networks, professional development and partnership opportunities through our AGSM Executive Education and MBA X programs. 

Central to our session will be insights from two of our Indigenous business graduates who share their insights from their own leadership journeys. They examine the challenges, barriers and opportunities for young Indigenous people from urban and regional perspectives. Finally they will discuss the lessons from the intersectionality of Indigenous culture(s) education and business.

The Global Affairs Canada segment targets participants with experience or interest in international trade and investment. Participants will gain knowledge of services, programs, initiatives and tools related to exporting and attracting investment to their communities. This session is less suitable for those whose primary interest is in agricultural products (e.g. anything edible) as Agriculture and Agri-food Canada has its own programs and resources.
  
Workshop O
Community Administration - Financial Literacy for governance roles Te Tumu Paeroa
Te Tumu Paeroa is an independent, professional trustee organisation created by statute. Our vision is to support land owners and trustees to use their land to its full potential – creating a legacy for this generation, and the generations that follow. In our view the successful development of our land requires the successful development of our people – our greatest asset.

Te Tumu Paeroa manages:
• 95,000 hectares of Māori owned land
• Provides administration support to 2000 trusts and entities
• Manages 100,081 owner accounts
• $106.7 million in client funds

Te Tumu Paeroa assists trustees to exercise good governance and leadership over the assets for current and future generations. They supported the development of a Level 4 Certificate in Māori Governance Programme – He Manu Taiko. Te Tumu Paeroa developed a financial capability programme “Te Tumu Whairawa” to support trustees in their understanding of financial reporting, accountability and financial oversight.

Workshop P
Leadership - UNDRIP:  Implementing Political Principles into a Reconciliation Action Plan
Canadian Governments accept the Declaration as a principled common ground, but are committing an "Implementation Fail". Indigenous Peoples will not accept this failure after decades of advocacy. This interactive presentation will discuss five immediate action points that will reinvigorate the Declaration. The Five Reconcili-Action points will discuss 1) Free Prior Informed Consent; 2) Indigenous Peoples Role in Legal Reform; 3) Indigenous Peoples Rights to their Culture; 4) Requirements for Natural Resource Development; and 5) Economic Treaty and Indigenous Peoples Rights.

Information Session 7
Education - The Delivery of First Nations Health Services in Canada
Join the First Nations Health Managers Association (FNHMA) to hear about First Nations health service delivery in Canada. At this session, you will learn about the different landscapes of how First Nations in Canada are delivering their services, the history of health service delivery and about the organization in Canada who is contributing to certification and professional development of health service delivery. 

The FNHMA celebrates and shares inherent knowledge while balancing management principles in First Nations health service delivery.

Information Session 8 Technology - Efficiency in Word and Excel
Session repeated.
   
Information Session 9
Education - Pathways to Indigenous Leadership and Economic Empowerment
Financial and governance expertise 'by' Indigenous Peoples rather than 'for' Indigenous Peoples is a pathway to leadership and economic empowerment. Drawing on the research by ORIC (The Office of the Registrar of Indigenous Corporation) the significant role of accounting and governance will be discussed in the advancement of economic strength of Indigenous Peoples.

Moving away from 'just doing' for Indigenous Peoples to respectful cultural inclusion is the way forward for Australian business and professions. The importance of Indigenous languages will be discussed as an underpinning of identity and connection not just for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander but for all Australians.

By highlighting the powerful role of financial and business skills, we will discuss how these skills are vital links towards 'closing the gap'. Closing the gap “is a government strategy that aims to reduce disadvantage among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with respect to life expectancy, child mortality, access to early childhood education, educational achievement, and employment outcomes” (HealthInfoNet, 2016). Christian Lugnan is on the board of a local Aboriginal medical service in Australia and will discuss his observations regarding the connection between business skills and improved quality of life indicators.


 
12:30 pm - 2:30 pm 
Luncheon 

Sponsored by:


       
2:45 pm - 4:15 pm
Concurrent Workshops and Information Session:
 
 
 
Workshop Q
Financial Management - New Thinking on Accounting and Intellectual Property
In a rapidly shifting technological landscape, alternative models are being proposed and implemented in the world of accounting and financial management across all industries.

Leveraging advances in the technological sector, the future of accounting will be less transactional and more knowledge based. At the end of the day, people skills and an in-depth understanding of industry sectors are just as crucial as keeping the numbers in check. Tax professionals are expected to recommend best-practices to management and suggest strategic ways to reduce costs and mitigate risk while improving profit. To keep up with this shift, accounting practices and financial opportunities are evolving every day, allowing us to improve the way we manage projects and approach our service delivery from a full, 360 degree, top-down perspective.

The second part of this presentation aims to encourage new thinking at the systemic level about the contribution of First Nation organisations to productivity by questioning standard Westernised performance measures from the perspective of Indigenous stakeholder values. An argument is forwarded that theories of sustainability and social responsibility from other fields of research have utility in the fields of accounting, financial management and auditing policy and practices.

Recommendations include developing a customised accounting model incorporating cultural, social, and environmental measures that would fully identify what is impacting the successful management of First Peoples organisations; value ICIP and cultural heritage assets using the Balanced Scorecard, Life Cycle Analysis, Eco-systems service and Contingency Valuation Method. Together these approaches will promote informed participation and decision-making, promulgate more sustainable outcome to maximise social and economic participation in society, and improve the health and wellbeing of First Nation Peoples globally.
Workshop R
Leadership - Building Sustainable Indigenous Communities
Three visionary leaders will discuss First Nation institutions that have developed practical modern day tools First Nations governments:
1. First Nations Tax Commission – ensures the integrity of the First Nations tax system;
2. First Nations Financial Management Board – establishes financial management standards that lead to the principles of sound and transparent practices;
3. First Nations Finance Authority – enables First Nations to borrow against any secure source of revenue at lower rates than traditional financing;
These institutions address huge barriers faced by First Nations attracting investments to their lands: 
It is 2 to 3 times more expensive to finance infrastructure on First Nation lands;
It is 4 to 5 times more expensive to make investments on First Nation lands; and 
Lack of investor confidence, legislative uncertainty, unavailable financial information and statistics etc.

The leaders will discuss how these institutions overcame these barriers and how they are adapting to future needs and challenges.

Workshop S
Business Development and Trade - Renewable Energy Futures - Black River First Nation – “Makadewaagamijiwanong”
In 2015, Black River Development Corporation (BRDC), spearheaded a joint initiative with two other First Nations, and were successful in negotiating a contract with Manitoba Hydro worth several million dollars. The “Lake Winnipeg East System Improvement” project created over 200 jobs for members from our communities. “BRDC” was the main negotiator – securing a position as “Prime” contractor in phases 1 & 2, and became a Sub-contractor in phase 3, over two winters. 

The experience proved that working collectively as First Nations; we have greater strength to become a powerful force. Historically, jobs offered to First Nations, are usually manual labour or clearing (bush) jobs—this time, we demanded that we be allowed to fully participate in this project. After several months of tough negotiating, BRDC managed to secure a tower assembly contract along with some right of way clearing. 

SEN'TI is at the forefront of building innovation - to provide the means to harness the potential of renewable energy sources throughout Indigenous territories. Their vision is to pursue and promote quality energy development projects with expertise on renewable energy resources that include biomass, solar, wind and hydro energy. They offer professional and experienced insight into the complex and evolving field of renewable energy solutions and provide strong guidance to clients wishing to meaningfully engage with Indigenous communities and leadership groups.

SEN’TI is a proud Mi’gmaq business whose philosophy is built upon a strong foundation of trust, honesty, integrity and social and environmental responsibility. From humble origins, SEN’TI seeks to become a leader on the forefront of environmental services as it strives to deliver solutions that are both logical and pragmatic.

SEN’TI will describe lessons learned from its experience of championing renewable energy projects and solutions while creating relationships between Indigenous communities, Provincial Partners and other champions of renewable energy.

 
Workshop T
Community Administration - Australian Reconciliation: Financial Services Regulation and Action Plan
The Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) is the Australian corporate, markets and financial services regulator. Hear how ASIC's Indigenous Outreach Program (IOP) was created in acknowledgement of the unique issues faced by Indigenous consumers within the financial service sector, and as a result of unscrupulous businesses practices. ASIC's IOP works to build relationships, understanding and trust between the financial services sector and Indigenous consumers, the knowledge of our workforce and financial capability towards sustainability in community; the very essence of reconciliation. 

The panel will discuss how compliance, enforcement, policy development, industry liaison and building of financial capability are all foundational to a fair market with confident and informed consumers. They will use case studies to show how ASIC has taken court action to ensure those businesses taking advantage of Indigenous community are being held to account, walk through the community focussed liaison with industry and government to show the reality for the community. They will discuss the importance of financial capability and how they have developed resources utilising Indigenous community centred design to ensure community understand and stand up for their rights. Lastly bringing these threads together we will show how we have begun to deliver cultural information sessions to our staff; to show the historic and contemporary links with Indigenous shared history and the regulatory work that we undertake as our business as usual.

Hear how in 2016 Australian Unity launched its first Reconciliation Action Plan to build stronger relationships with Indigenous customers, communities and business. The presentation will explore the elements of building trust as the underlining principle of respectful relationships, and the importance of enabling voices of experience within the organisation to influence positive outcomes. They joined a well-established network of organisation that have developed and implemented a Reconciliation Action Plan to build stronger relationships with Australia’s first people. They will discuss the importance of working within a system to change the system, building allies and ensuring community is at the heart decision making.

Workshop U
Community Administration - Indigenous Public Administration, Nation Building and Authentic Partnerships
Canada’s 1876 Indian Act and the U.S. Indian Reorganization Act 1934 denied Indigenous Nations their own governance systems. The legislation imposed Western-Euro systems of governance removing cultural connection, which resulted in social, political, and economic realities that led to outcomes that place Indigenous populations on the bottom of almost every indicator of well-being. 

The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development (HPAIED) focuses on understanding the factors involved in the creation of sustained, self-determined social and economic development in Indigenous Nations through over 20 years of applied research. HPAIED suggests there are five pillars necessary for thriving communities: practical sovereignty, capable institutions, cultural match, strategic orientation, and leadership. To facilitate application of Nation Building, post-secondary institutions are creating programs that provide context of Indigenous communities and public administration curricula including practical application. 

An overview of established and emerging public administration programs in the U.S. and Canada, highlighting case studies such as File Hills Qu’Appelle Tribal Council transition to an Indigenous-based governance system. These partnerships between institutions and Indigenous Nations provide opportunities for public administrators that combine public administration education with the research proven principles of Nation Building. A new international partnership amongst three institutions - First Nations University of Canada, Johnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy and Dr. Manly Begay, HPAIED co-director, will show how theory into practice develops the human resource capacity within Indigenous Nations. 

Partnerships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous businesses and organizations both in Canada and abroad require unique planning and effort. What is not well understood is the level of corporate-indigenous partnerships or the strategies and practices needed to build ‘high-functioning, authentic and long-term Indigenous partnerships.
This presentation will provide AFOA delegates with the following:
- A seven stage partnership model that can used in a national and international community settings;
- A competency based approach to developing their partnership acumen;
- Community perspective and voices through short ‘video vignettes’ and case studies;
- A benchmarking exercise and tool to measure partnership and engagement performance;
A new survey in Canada of 511 large and medium sized companies in 2017 gathered new insights and information on Corporate-Indigenous engagements and partnerships. A key conclusion is that ‘85%’ of corporate Canada are dis-engaged and the partnership index score was a dismal 13/100 or 13%. New strategies are needed to overcome the ‘engagement gap’ and to develop the competencies needed to create authentic partnerships.
 
Information Session 10
Product Sponsorship opportunity still available!
An opportunity for those companies who want more than just exposure.  This is your chance to deliver a presentation on two days of the Conference; a presentation that focusses on your organization’s services or products!
Contact the AFOA Canada Conference Secretariat at 1-866-775-1816 or AFOA Canada today at 1-866-722-2362!

Information Session 11 Product Sponsorship opportunity still available!
An opportunity for those companies who want more than just exposure.  This is your chance to deliver a presentation on two days of the Conference; a presentation that focusses on your organization’s services or products!
Contact the AFOA Canada Conference Secretariat at 1-866-775-1816 or AFOA Canada today at 1-866-722-2362!

Information Session 12
Education The Certified Aboriginal Professional Administrators (CAPA) Program
Come join us at this Information Session to learn about the CAPA Program. CAPA has been designed to certify senior administrators, senior managers, and aspiring administrators working in Aboriginal communities and organizations on reserve, off reserve and in urban, rural and remote settings. Using key competencies developed with the input of senior administrators across the country, this Program provides new opportunities for those in this profession to be formally acknowledged, certified, and recognized for the professional work they do every day. This session highlights the three different ways to become certified as a CAPA: (1) CAPA Online Course Programs; (2) CAPA In-Person Program; and (3) CAPA Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR) Program. All courses are eligible for credit with Thompson Rivers University and Cape Breton University.
   
 4:30 pm - 5:45 pm AFOA Canada Annual General Meeting    

6:00 pm - 8:00 pm By-Invitation Only Reception

Sponsored by: TD Bank Group
 

Thursday, October 5, 2017

    7:00 - 7:30 am Sunrise Ceremony: 

 
7:30 am - 12:15 pm

Registration

Sponsored by: 
 
7:30 am - 8:30 am

Networking Continental Breakfast / Visit the Exhibitors and the Xerox Technology Café
 
8:30 am - 10:00 am

Welcome

   
   
Plenary – Capacity Development: Unleashing Indigenous Potential
To achieve community goals, there needs to be an investment in human capital. This panel will discuss how they have pursued capacity development at an individual and institutional level. What differences exist in the approaches by different countries? What are the key elements of developing this type of plan to ensure that a community has the human capital that can achieve its strategic goals? How can a community ensure it can retain this skill level into the future?

Sponsored by: First Nations Market Housing Fund
 
10:00 am - 10:30 am

Networking Break / Visit the Exhibitors and the Xerox Technology Cafe
 
10:30 am - 12:00 pm

Concurrent Workshops and Information Sessions
  Workshop  V
Financial Management - Responsible and Sustainable Investment
Responsible Investing (RI) is an approach designed to match investments to the social and environmental values of the community. RI adds a layer of due diligence to consider how a business scores or ranks on the basis of social issues, environmental issues, and governance issues and structure.

Proponents of RI believe that an investment discipline that considers environmental, social and governance issues leads to long-term competitive financial returns, and a positive impact on society. The term ethical investing is used to denote the good intentions of investors seeking to invest their funds in an ethical and socially responsible manner. Delegates will learn about Environment, Social & Governance (ESG) which emphasizes the inclusion of Environment and Governance considerations.

Stakeholders are increasingly focused on sustainable or responsible investing strategies. This session will help demystify some of the terms and strategies used by asset owners and managers, as well as discuss various ways to incorporate ESG investing into your Trust’s investment practices.
 
  Workshop  W
Leadership - Sustainable Economic and Cultural Development – Success Stories
Westbank First Nation is located in the beautiful Okanagan Valley, traditional territory of Syilx people. Recognized for its visionary, progressive leadership, self-government and economic success, WFN explains its land, leasing system, and Economic Development Commission (the first aboriginal EDC in Canada).
Half a billion dollars worth of development permits have been issued by WFN over the past ten years, and its total assessed property values are now in excess of $1.6 billion, including the largest square footage of on-reserve retail and commercial development in Canada. 42% tax revenue comes from commercial enterprises and land developments which WFN sets to highest and best use. It currently has partnerships in two shopping centres, and off-reserve developments and ownerships. 
Revenue has allowed WFN to open new beach parks and a $5.5 million youth centre, and is exploring an expansion of its Sensisyusten House of Learning elementary school. 
Reflecting its determination to open up more land for development, future possibilities will be explored. 

The Doig River First Nation has undertaken an aggressive course of initiatives to dramatically improve its current operations and set a solid foundation for future prosperity. The presentation provides an overview of the achievements that the Nation has realized, with attention focused on lessons learned. 
• Financial Management – The Nation has developed its own Financial Administration Law, implemented a more advanced accounting system and supported professional development (CAFM) to increase the financial management capacity of its management team.
• Business Trade & Development – the Nation has built upon a strong economic base of revenue sharing agreements with local industry, to expand into equity positions in strategic businesses, which separates business from politics.
• Leadership – Chief and Council have adopted a strong transparency and accountability practice of bringing all major financial decisions to community meetings. 
• Community Development – A strong foundation for sustainable economic development has been the documentation and promotion of the Nation’s history and traditions. A healthy respect and promotion of traditional knowledge and practices, as well as cultural values, has created significant harmony in the community and established a community with healthy individuals who are entrepreneurs or engaged in meaningful work.
 
  Workshop  X
Information pending...
 
  Workshop  Y
Information pending...

  Workshop  Z
Healthy Workplace/Human Resources - Nation Building through Human Capacity Development
With the potential for great prosperity on the horizon, it is more critical than ever to accelerate leadership and management capacity in Indigenous communities and organizations. But who are the ‘leaders’ to be developed and what skills are needed to help communities and organizations thrive? How is meaningful human capacity building being funded and where are the gaps? These are some of the questions that will be explored. 

There remains much work to overcome the socio-economic challenges faced by Indigenous Peoples in Canada and internationally. For this reason, Urban Matters CCC is committed to facilitating a national conversation in 2017 designed to better understanding human capacity development needs in Indigenous communities and organizations. The findings from this discovery process will be summarized and provided to public and private funding agencies as well as private corporations with the goal of increasing the availability and efficacy of human capacity development programs and funding.

Also learn about how Australia’s Indigenous business sector has been compared to a ‘sleeping giant’ because of the potential lying beneath the surface. The panel will discuss that to fully awaken the giant necessitates the creation of more Indigenous accountants. Indigenous business is doing well, with growth outstripping the rest of the Australian economy. Indigenous Australians have rights to a massive 40% of Australia with claims over another 20%. The panel will make the case for why we need more Indigenous Accountants in order to unlock this potential.

Studies found the biggest reason for failure amongst Indigenous corporations is inadequate or non-existent processes or records for financial accounts. Failing corporations suffer from poor management, poor corporate governance and even, in some cases, financial misappropriation. In order for Indigenous businesses to build prosperity from the assets and wealth they have fought hard for, they need to build financial and governance expertise from within.

  Information  Session 13
Education - Unlocking the Potential of Income Tax Clinics
The new 2017 Canada Child Benefit (CCB) means that many families with children under 18 can expect to see a bigger child benefit payment that will boost their income. The federal government estimates that tax filing rates on reserve is approximately 50 percent. There is a concern that many Indigenous families are missing out on the CCB and other benefits as a result.
The Community Volunteer Income Tax Program (CVITP) and Super Clinics are ways communities and Indigenous organizations are helping seniors, family members and youth in filing their income tax returns and accessing the benefits they are entitled to. In this session, we will draw on research and emerging best practices to:
• Increasing tax filing and accessing benefits;
• Accessing benefits to achieving financial wellness; and
• Introduce the CVITP best practices and lessons learned.

  Information  Session 14 Education - Disrupting the Traditional Degree Education Model
Ernst & Young’s engagement with Schools and Universities, both globally and in Australia has highlighted that we need to take an innovative approach to how we engage and equip Indigenous communities with the leadership skills and confidence.
Australian universities found the traditional degree model does not meet the needs of Indigenous students, which aligns to a broader trend of blurry distinctions between Entrepreneurship, VET and University. The outcome will be a future where Indigenous students have more options and pathways to succeed.

Strategic leadership in Indigenous Australia has never been so important: 
• 5% of Indigenous Australians held a Bachelor’s degree or higher; compared to 21% of non-Indigenous Australians (2006). 
• 2.2% of the Australian population is Indigenous Peoples.
• 1.4% of student enrolment at university is Indigenous (2010).

The future lies in the use and access to digital training content, which enables you to engage with world class thinkers. But how can you engage Indigenous learners to embrace this style of storytelling? Ernst & Young’s looks to bridge this gap and demonstrate the relevance of the corporate mindset in rural Australia.
 
  Information  Session 15
Education - Dollars & Sense
Focusing on enhancing the financial awareness and understanding of Aboriginal youth in middle and high school, this Information Session highlights what you need to know about the Dollars & Sense modules. The key content themes covered in the two modules developed for Aboriginal youth in grades 11 and 12 (Secondary School Module) and grades 7 and 8 (Elementary - Middle School Module) include: effective money management; saving; goal setting and budgeting; purchasing and consumer awareness; banking; and financial careers. AFOA Canada acknowledges the generous support of the TD Bank Group for the development of Dollars and Sense.

 
12:15 - 2:15 pm

Luncheon and Feature Presentation by Hypnotist, Scott Ward
Sponsor Remarks: 

Luncheon sponsored by:

Closing Remarks

Conference Co-Chairs:  and AFOA Canada President and CEO

 
Chair of Board: Chris Sicotte, Chair of the Board, AFOA Canada
AFOA President and CEO: Terry Goodtrack, MPA, B Admin, CPA, CGA, CAFM, CAPA, C. Dir, President and CEO, AFOA Canada

Exhibitor Passport Draw

  2:15 pm - 5:30 pm Free time for participants.
 
5:30 pm - 6:30 pm

President's Reception

Sponsor Remarks: 

Sponsored by: 

 
6:30 pm - 11:00 pm 

Dinner, Presentation of the 2017 MNP-AFOA Canada Aboriginal Community Excellence Award, CAFM/CAPA Convocation and Entertainment
   
Pre-dinner cultural entertainment: 

Sponsored by:

   
Remarks: 

Dinner sponsored by:             
Presentation of the 2017 MNP-AFOA Canada Aboriginal Community Excellence Award
Presenter:
        
   
Sponsored by:

   
CAFM/CAPA Convocation sponsored by:

   
After dinner entertainment:


Entertainment Sponsored by: